For Eclat Textile, a key apparel supplier to Nike, Lululemon Athletica and Amazon, the ongoing trade dispute between Washington and Beijing could be a blessing for its business, as the leading Taiwanese sportswear maker ended its production in China at the end of 2016. “We are receiving many queries from customers seeking to diversify production from China as they are keen to look for alternatives,” Roger Lo, Vice President of Eclat, told the Nikkei Asian Review, adding that this effect would likely make a contribution to the business from next year.
For the first 10 months of 2018, Eclat’s revenue rose more than 16 per cent to 22.72 bn New Taiwan dollars ($738 mn), and is set to see healthy growth next year, Eclat Chairman Hung Chen-hai said. “We will continue to expand our production footprint in the next three years to places [outside China].”
But Hung was also concerned that the currently geopolitical uncertainties could darken the macroeconomic outlook and demand for 2019. The company specializes in making high-end fabrics and turning them into sports clothing for brands including Nike, Lululemon, Under Armour, Polo Ralph Lauren, Victoria’s Secrets and Adidas as well as retailers such as JC Penney, Kohl’s and Target.
Eclat’s bold decision to close its only factory in China, in the Eastern city of Wuxi, and completely exit manufacturing in the country by December 2016 now seems like a wise choice, as fabrics have already been hit under the package of tariffs that the US imposed on $200 bn-worth of Chinese imports in late September. The company’s early investment and expansion in Vietnam and Cambodia made Eclat less vulnerable to the trade jousting between the world’s two leading economies than its Chinese rival Shenzhou International Group Holding, for example. Currently, Eclat’s production facilities are mostly in Taiwan and Vietnam.
Eclat had noticed a clear trend that the investment environment in China was deteriorating dramatically and it was extremely difficult to find qualified workers. Wages in China would be double those in Vietnam, while production efficiency was also better in Vietnam, Lo said. “Shifting production out of China is a megatrend in the textile industry.”
In the current global political climate, it is unlikely that textile makers would want to expand production in China or move forward investment there, while most buyers worldwide are looking for suppliers that can provide alternatives to goods bearing the “Made in China” tag, according to Lo. However, a shift in production to the US is not likely due to the incomplete supply chain there, Lo added. “If we go to produce fabrics in the US, we still need to ship these fabric materials to garment plants outside the country to make them into clothes… that’s a problem.”
Eclat in 2018 generated around 60 per cent of revenue from North America, its top market. Europe accounted for 20 per cent of the company’s sales while Japan and Australia combined took about 10 per cent. Other Taiwanese peers, including Makalot Industrial, a key garment supplier to retailers like Gap, H&M, Zara and JC Penney, and Pou Chen and Feng Tay Enterprises, two leading footwear makers supplying Nike and Adidas, are all lowering their dependence on China for production.